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          【为一外语培训】12月1日托福考情回顾:你遇到旧题了吗?
          来源:   发布时间:2018/12/5 17:14:41


          12月1日,走出托福考场的托友普遍反映虽然也有难度,但还能接受,没有我们之前每次考情回顾提到的“听力难”。尤其是当我们看到微博热搜出现“雅思听力”的时候,更加释然了。


          没有理由再抱怨托福听力难了啊。


          托福考试依然出现四套试卷,所以大家每次看到回顾都会说,我怎么没考到这题,我考了一场假托福。其实是多套试卷并行,回顾只是其中很小一部分而已。无论做哪套试卷的同学都反馈:或多或少的见到原题。基本每套试卷在2篇以上,所以备考有余力的同学,建议还是刷一下旧题啊。


          一起来看下考情回顾:


          阅读部分


          1、鹿角的作用。


          2、欧洲帆船进化史。


          3、澳洲某种鸟类灭绝。


          4、太阳系的形成。


          5、地球冰期暖期交替。


          6、希腊文化消失的原因。


          7、ice对全球温度的影响,正反馈,对洋流的影响,英国人探索trade路线失败。


          8、发光的海洋生物,介绍了发光的原因和发光的作用。


          9、中世纪饥荒,主要原因是由于战争和极端的气候,最后导致了农作物产量下降,动物疾病死亡。


          10、一个canyon有完整的roadway,一个理论说为了贸易和朝圣用,一个理论说只是起到象征作用。


          11、Snow pack吸收长短波,有两个专有名词,问什么时候发生:一个是百分百全吸收;另一个是反射大于吸收,树枝底下最暖和的原因就是小树森林比大树森林不容易融雪的原因。


          12、 一只鸟,可以适应当地严酷的环境,对毙了别的动物适应方法,这只鸟可以迁徙,没吃的就走了,有吃的就回来,还有它孵蛋比别的鸟都短。


          词汇题

          lone

          resemble

          ringle

          adversely

          virgorous

          coincide with

          objective

          conduce


          听力部分


          Conversation


          1、采访图书馆管理员,问他退休之后要干嘛。他说退休后还要继续读书,因为平时没时间读。图书馆的digital系统,可以让读者不仅读到内容,还能看到古书的condition。


          2、学生网购行为课题。


          3、学生的排练地点和别人冲突了,让他换一个,讨论了一些舞台技术,最后建议她找另一个教授咨询。


          4、教授欣赏学生的表演,邀请她参加一个event,但是学生要工作,时间冲突,她向教授推荐她室友,她帮教授做网站。


          5、女生找教授讨论一个画家,说这个画家老是画相似的美景,教授说了相关因素,客观原因从意大利搬到伦敦,最后建议她上网找一个画展的相关信息。


          Lecture


          1、某种艺术流派。


          2、二氧化碳的两种回收方法。


          3、海洋生物学,鲸鱼是有陆地进化的依据,埃及发现了化石能证明,介绍了各种特质,吃的什么东西等。


          4、马蹄虫的作用。


          5、有fmri监测大脑的两个部分l和m,l负责monery,m负责creative,当有人在演奏的时候,l不会active,m反而会active。


          6、欧洲绘画史。


          7、讲的间歇泉形成原理,和温泉对比,自然影响不大,人类有两个影响,一个是用地毯发电,另一个是采矿,最后说了解决办法。


          8、美国两个realistic的画家,第一个画家很叛逆,和学校教的不一样,喜欢用真人当模特,第二个他也很叛逆,但是他和第一个画家不一样,他很主观,在画里表达自己的情绪,教授用咖啡馆的人脸很模糊来举例子,而且这个人的画画风格也很适合记者等。


          9、天文学,找外星生物不应该以地球为标准,因为在habitable zone以外也有可能生存。


          10、古生物学,树脂化石有什么好处,杀菌啊保存很完整这一类。


          11、文学,短故事在美国流行,短故事要能在短时间内读完,有一个good ending。虽然英国狄更斯在报纸上连载小说,但在美国是不现实的。


          口语部分


          Task 1 


          你和你的朋友准备做生意,做哪方面的生意?


          Task2


          should teachers give award to students who get good grades in order to increase the competition in class、


          Task3 


          学校的meal plan贵且时间不灵活,students同意,


          因为她坐在的城市有很多值得一试的餐厅,里面有各种美食,比如他想try Mongolia餐厅,如果不买meal plan可以出去吃又不用担心花extra money


          他打volley ball有时候很晚,去玩了学校都没food service。


          Task4 


          动物能耐热,能够找到食物和避免predator。具体是passage讲了一种insect是喜欢 extreme heat  然后听力里professor主要讲了silver ants 一般中午出去觅食 而且能躲避蜥蜴的追捕。


          Task5


          女同学brother的无线路由器的腿断了,让她照看侄女,但她要准备历史课final,History textbook被熊孩子niece画ruined了,解决办法:


          1、share book with roomate,坏处是她学习会不方便


          2、brother觉得不好意思要付她一部分钱买新的,但是贵。


          Task 6


          经济学,直接把product卖给retail stores而不是distributor,卖给cookware store有两个好处:


          1、价格更低,比如直接在网上卖more profitable


          2、可以把控怎么allocate和present这个产品with out being damaged in the retail stres,比如在网上放些产品照片吸引顾客。


          写作部分


          独立写作


          重复2013年6月22日


          老人和年轻人学新东西是不是一样重要?


          It is as important as the older people to study and learn new things as young people?


          2015 年 9 月 13 日的原题

          Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is as important for old people to study and learn new things as it is for young people.  


          经典满分范文


          People with growing age have both their mentality and vitality diminished, which are transformed into the success and prosperity of not only themselves, their family in a smaller picture, also the nation in a collective pattern. Also, in the fairy tales which also reflects a ring of truth in the reality, the old people with the snowy long beard usually stands for the representative of wisdom to whom the inexperienced young usually play the role of pupils or students. When it comes to whether studying and learning new things are more important for the younger or the older which are often seen in extreme ways as the debilitate or the wise, I side with the argument that the importance for the older people are comparable to that of the younger people.


          First, studying and learning new things benefit the stability of the elder’s job. Usually the majority of the older have shouldered the primary responsibility of the family, to be specific, they have to afford for most of the family financial expense, meaning that once they lose their job, the living quality of the whole family would take a plummet since each penny would have to be placed cautiously at that time. Therefore, the good brought by studying and learning new things for the older people cannot be debased since they will be fitted with latest working skills and trends and thus, they could constantly meet with the most updated working requirements, contributing to the company, so that the foregoing deadlock due to the loss of income could be avoided. On the contrary, though the job stability for the younger people is not ignorable either, its importance drops down several grades since they might be still not economically independent and the loss of job for a certain period will not crush their lives, or spread intensive negative effects to their family.


          In addition, studying and learning new things enhance the living quality of the elder’s family. Having left from parents and even having their own children, the older people are taking the principal role caring for the lives of all the members. The daily work includes but not limits to focusing on the meals, clothing, daily groceries and electrical utilities at home. However, the information regarding various commodities could be overwhelming that unideal decisions usually issue from the lack of knowledge to the new things developed rapidly through time. For instance, the older people have to learn about the nutrition of a wide range of food in order to make a wise match to maintain the healthy diets for the family, and they have to learn about the brands and the meanings behind each parameter in the introduction before they can choose the better electrical products for extended use. Conversely, though learning about the new products would do no harm, it is not as emergent since they have not been handed with the main role for decision-making and the issues at school could be more important. 


          To conclude, I agree with the statement that it is as important for the older to study and learn new things as it is for the younger since the elder’s job stability and the living quality of their family could be assured. (538words)

          (范文转载自:华华托福)


          综合写作


          伊利运河究竟该不该建?


          Erie Canal from Hudson River of the north of the NYC to the interior of the US?


          阅读部分:伊利运河建立时遇到的三个挑战


          1、挖运河路过森林不好挖,wetland导致蚊子多工人染上疾病;


          2、工人不够;


          3、not worthwhile。利益小于修建运河的投入,区域人少,不需要贸易。


          听力部分:提出三个对应建议


          1、useful devices: efficient 不用很多labour + winter施工蚊子not active;


          2、1000 immigrants from Europe newly moved here 想要工作 coincidently 刚好有了劳动力;


          3、少是因为以前没有好的交通方式,修水路有利,一是缩短travel time,以前6周的路程能缩短为现在的6天,还有一个好处是减少费用,以前需要100刀,现在只需要10刀。


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